Textile Mills
Wake County, North Carolina

Falls of the Neuse Manufacturing, Raleigh
Located in north Raleigh, well beyond Millbrook and northwest of Neuse, the first mill built for textile
manufacturing actually began life as a paper mill in 1855 and operated as Falls of the Neuse Manufacturing.  
Josephus Daniels, owner of the Raleigh News & Observer, said it produced the finest paper east of Charlotte.  
A handsome three-story granite building survives to this day as a condominium with 34 residences.  A fire in
1871 destroyed the mill but it was rebuilt and continued operation as a paper mill until conversion in 1896 to
textiles.  The names changed over the years: Neuse River Manufacturing Co., Neuse River Cotton, Diana
Cotton; and finally Erwin Mills.  Textile operations, mainly warehousing, discontinued in 1959.

Cotton Mill, Raleigh
The original mill was built in several stages in 1890 and expanded in 1895.

The building was originally a portal for the rail freight line on the east side. Once the active textile processing
closed, other uses for the property have included warehousing for a variety of goods including carpets, and
bicycles.  Residential renovation for 50 condominiums was completed in 1996.

The Pilot Mill, Raleigh
The Raleigh News & Observer ran a special issue in 1895  which celebrated the wonderful textile mills in the
state and was especially effusive of Alamance County contributions. "The
Pilot Mill of Raleigh is one of these.  It
was erected in 1892 by Capt. James N. Williamson and Mr. Wm. H. Williamson, of Graham, and Mr. O. H.
Foster, of Raleigh.  The mill was built within a stone's throw of the railroad running north and east out of town.

When Pilot Mill was purchased in 1999, it was a vacant, literally collapsing, group of buildings located between
a revitalized 1920's neighborhood, Peace College, and an unsafe public housing project. While the City of
Raleigh had plans for a new 336-unit Hope IV project, which would replace the existing public housing, the
project had stalled. It would take 1½ years for the project to come to fruition with the help of the Pilot Mill
developer, Peace College, the Housing Authority, and the public housing residents. As the Hope IV project,
began, scaled back to 140-160 units and changed to include some market rate, elderly, and disabled housing,
Frank Gailor began the renovation of Pilot for use as a charter school and offices. The challenge for the Pilot
renovation was always keeping up with the progress on the Hope IV construction. While Downtown Raleigh had
a 7% vacancy rate and city-wide the vacancies were at 12%, Pilot Mill has never had any speculative space for
rent. Currently new residential construction on the adjacent site of the former mill village is selling for $225 -
$350,000. $100 million dollars has been spent in a 40 block area and as a stabilizer and early project, Pilot Mill
has helped trigger an increase of $50 million + in the private property tax base of the area.

The Fred Whitaker Cotton Mill, Raleigh
In 1999, Raleigh's last working textile mill closed, bringing to an end a century-old chapter of local history. The
mill has reopened as a condominium and a new chapter is being written.
Historic preservation.

Located in the historic Caraleigh district of Raleigh, the 1893 Fred Whitaker Cotton Mill, has been totally
renovated and opened as
Caraleigh Mills.  

Caraleigh Mills is located inside the beltline on the southernmost edge of downtown Raleigh, not far from NC
State's Centennial Campus, and just down the street from the North Carolina Farmers Market.  

http://www.rivermill.org Accessed December 23, 2008

http://www.cottonmill.info/ Accessed February 14, 2008

http://www.presnc.org/Mill_Reuse_Website/studies/Pilot%20Mill.htm Accessed February 14, 2008

http://www.caraleighmills.com/ Accessed February 14, 2008

If you can contribute information, please contact mock.gary@yahoo.com

Page Copyright Gary N. Mock 2008-2013
The Cotton Mill Condominiums
operated as a textile mill from
1890.  Renovated in 1996.
Image: Cotton Mill Condos
Left: Falls of the Neuse Manufacturing Co.,
located just below the dam for Raleigh's
current water supply. 2008

Right: Granite walls survived for over 150
years.  34 condos occupy site. 2008
Images:  Gary Mock
Left: Pilot Mill before and after renovation.  
Currently occupied by Raleigh Charter High
School and offices.
Right: Interior of mill before restoration

Source: Preservation North Carolina
The former Fred Whitaker
Cotton Mill is now Caraleigh
Mills condominiums

Image:  Caraleigh Mills website
Left:  Letterhead used in 1882 by the
owners of this mill and a mill in Alamance
County.  This image appears to be that of
the Alamance County mill.

Right:  Historic photo of 1900 showing mill
race and north and west side of the mill
Left:  The Gant House occupied in
1895-1900 era by mill owner, James
Alpheus Askew and his wife, Mary Bullock
Askew and their children, Charles T., Mabel
E., Jennie K., Rena B., and Mary E.
Photo: Robert Askew
Other NC Mills
Pilot Cotton Mills, Raleigh, NC
coming from the personals page of the
Boston Journal of Commerce  
and Textile Industries
Saturday, August 18, 1900.
Source: Peter Metzke
1909 City Directory