Parkdale
Mills

Parkdale Mills founded in 1916 by J. Lee Robinson and J.H. Separk, is located in Gastonia, Gaston County,
NC, just west of Charlotte.  This was but one of many small, combed cotton yarn mills founded by
entrepreneurs in the county.  As the various families opened mills and grew the business in the 1920s,
everyone was prosperous.  The Great Depression beginning in 1929, however, brought hardship.  Many
sought help by merging.  Parkdale operated successfully until the merger of several mills to form Textiles,
Inc. in 1931.  Should Parkdale participate or not?  The stockholders fought.  Lee Robinson committed
suicide.  The Robinson family secured control and fought merger.  Fred L. Smyre, Sr., a brother-in-law of
Lee Robinson became manager.  
Duke Kimbrell, the son of a Duke Power employee who was proud of the
accomplishments brought by the power company, named his son for the company.  After visiting the local
mill and begging to help, Duke began working as an errand boy at age 14, after one of the managers saw
him working as a volunteer to install electricity in the town.  After high school, he joined the mill and then
went to war along with many others at the time.  After the war, he was encouraged to keep on with his
education.  He graduated from the College of Textiles at NC State (1949) and later rose to the highest office
in the company (President and CEO).  

After Robinson died, the board agreed to let Kimbrell acquire and revamp the mills with the help of a silent
partner.  He also moonlighted for BVD, the large underwear manufacturer.  “Stockholders can’t say too
much about what you do on the side if you’re making them money,” Kimbrell laughed.  He used these
ventures to help acquire a 50-50 ownership with the George Henry family in 1982.  

When Kimbrell took over Parkdale, There were 150 employees.  Business improved under Duke's
management.  
Forbes magazine was impressed with his acquisition skills they ran a feature story in the
November 2, 1987 issue.  During 1986, Parkdale acquired Perfection Spinning Company, Linford Mills,
Rowen Cotton Mills, and Acme Spinning Company.  These acquisitions increased Parkdale's production to
3.5 million pounds weekly and sales to more than $300 million annually, making it the largest yarn spinner
in the United States. 1

In 1991 the firm employed over 2,900.  The company had 18 plants, produced 250 million pounds of yarn
and had annual sales over $400 million.  Anderson Warlick joined the company in 1984 from Milliken and
rose to CEO. 5

Parkdale Mills, the world’s largest independent cotton yarn manufacturer. Prior to serving as board chair,
Kimbrell was CEO of Parkdale Mills; during that time, Kimbrell helped transform the company from a 200-
employee, $11 million company into a 3,600-employee firm with $934 million in sales

Kimbrell became involved in the industry and was named the second most influential person in textiles in a
1999 survey by
Textile World magazine.

Over the years, Parkdale grew internally and occasionally bought other mills as they became available.
Rather than operate their own mills, people like VF, Jockey, Fieldcrest and Dominion chose to sell to
Parkdale and allow them to supply the best yarn available.  VF and the others wanted to concentrate on their
core businesses.   Avondale Mills closed in 2006.  Parkdale bought three spinning mills, Rockford, AL;
Alexander City, AL; and Graniteville, SC.  2, 5

Typical of the improvements was shown when Parkdale installed 48 500-position R 40 rotor-spinning
machines at Plant #26 in Walnut Cove, NC.  This is currently the largest single R 40 order to date and
represents one of the largest single orders ever by a sales-yarn manufacturer. Capacity in the same space
will increase approximately 250 percent.  The 200,000-square-foot plant employs approximately 80 people
and manufactures 100 percent cotton yarn according to Anderson Warlick, Parkdale CEO. 3

The company currently has 24 plants at 20 domestic locations and three international locations (Mexico,
Colombia and Honduras). 4

Sources:

1.        Andrews, Mildred Gwin, The Men and the Mills - A History of the Southern Textile Industry. Macon:
Mercer University Press, 1987.

2.        
Southern Textile News, December 10, 2007.

3.        
Textile World, July/August 2008, p24.

4.        http://www.parkdalemills.com/plant_loc.php Accessed October 18, 2008

5.        ATI Award for Innovation,
ATI, February 1997.
Gaston County